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Cardiac diseases are referred to the any kind of diseases that affect the heart or blood vessels, which may include conditions like angina, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, cardiac dysrhythmias, heart failure, stroke, carditis, rheumatic heart disease etc. Most of the cardiac diseases are preventable if the patients pay enough and early heed on them. Most of the countries, which include both, developed and developing; the CVDs are posing a huge economical burden on societies. They are also the leading cause of death across the globe.


Ayurvedic Description Of Cardiac Diseases:

All the cardiac diseases in Ayurveda are classified under Hrida Roga. All kinds of coronary artery diseases come under Sira (vessels) dushti, which are caused by Rakta vikriti. When Rakta vikriti is due to Pitta, the permeability of blood vessels increases. When it is due to Kapha, the coagulability of blood increases, and atherosclerotic diseases occur. If the Raktavikriti is due to vitiated Vata, it mainly affects the rhythm of heart and cardiac arrhythmia or impulse conduction disorders may develop. According to Ayurvedic pathology, there are five types of Hridroga: Vataj, Pittaj, Kaphaj, Sannipataj and Krimij Hridroga.


Signs & Symptoms


  • The signs and symptoms of any cardiac disease varies according to the type and severity of the disease.

Causes and Risk Factors


Sedentary lifestyle, no physical workout, physical, mental stress and disturbed sleep are the main causes of cardiac diseases in today’s times. Such lifestyle is also making people obese and the chances of getting CVDs become higher in obese people.

Harmful diets

Diets that have more saturated fats, trans fats, junk, stale food, diet with high salt, low fruits intake, high-energy food such as processed foods increased the chances of cardio-vascular diseases. Staying on such diets for a longer period of time lead people to become obese and hence increased risk of cardiac diseases.


Smoking also attributes to the increased risk of cardio vascular diseases. This includes both active as well as passive smoking.


The chances and risk of cardiac diseases become more with the increasing age. With aging, damages happen to the vascular walls, which lead to the loss of arterial elasticity and reduced arterial compliance and may subsequently lead to coronary artery disease. Men are at more risk than pre-menopausal women.


Recent researches have related many cardiac diseases directly to the nature of the work people do, high-pressure working environment, jobs that have exposure to extreme heat and cold, exposure to tobacco, smoke, and mental health concerns such as stress and depression are increasingly contributing to cardiac diseases.

Self Care Tips

  • Diets should contain low salt, low saturated fat as these greatly decrease the risk of cardiac diseases.
  • Avoid smoking and curtail on alcohol intake.
  • Decrease body fat in case of obesity.
  • Maintain a healthy and normal blood pressure.
  • It is good to live in environment that is closer to the nature.
  • Avoid any physical and mental work that aggravates stress level.
  • Regularly practice yoga, meditation to prevent and manage cardiac problems.
  • Mix Shunthi, Pippli, Black pepper and Dalchini, all in equal portions and grind well to form fine powder. Take half tablespoon of this powder with hot water or mixed in milk, daily. It will help to reduce cholesterol and prevents further risk of heart disease.

Ayurveda believes in a holistic approach towards healing, which eliminates the root cause/s of the disease. A healthy diet, moderate exercise and managing the stress are the simple way to keep heart healthy. The Ayurvedic treatment of cardiac diseases is not only effective in nature but also quite cost beneficial both in preventable and treating forms.