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Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) or earlier called as PCOD is a common endocrine disorder of unknown etiology that affects 5-10% of women in their reproductive age. In India, the prevalence spikes up to even 26%. It is a condition in which a woman’s levels of the sex hormones estrogen and progesterone are found to be out of balance. This leads to the growth of ovarian cysts (benign masses on the ovaries).

Ayurvedic Description Of PCOS (Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome):

When the deranged Vata vitiates the Maansa, Shonita and Meda get mixed up with Kapha. They produce circular, raised and knotted inflammatory swelling called ‘Granthi’. This type of glandular swelling has been compared with the modern terminology ‘cyst’ which means an abnormal closed epithelium- lined cavity in the body, containing liquid or semisolid material. In PCOS, development of follicles have been arrested at one or any level and remained as it is. The cysts are follicles at varying stages of maturation and atresia. Thus, this pathology is compared with Granthibhuta Artava Dushti i.e. cyst, as in PCOS, the follicles becomes cysts instead of developing up to a mature ovum.


Signs & Symptoms


  • However it could also be an asymptomatic disorder for sometime in some cases, the major signs and symptoms are excessive hair on face, chest, stomach, thumbs, toes, deeper voice, thin hair, acne, weight gain, pelvic pain, anxiety, depression and infertility.

Causes and Risk Factors


Sedentary lifestyle, no physical workout, physical- mental stress and disturbed sleep are the main causes of hormonal disturbances in today’s times among women. Such lifestyle is also making people obese and the chances of getting PCOS goes higher in obese people.

Harmful diets

Diets that have more preservatives as in processed foods increases the chances of endocrine diseases. Staying on such diets for a longer period of time lead to obesity and hence increased risk of atypical growths in body, PCOS being one of those.


The chances and risk of PCOS is more during the reproductive age of women.

Stress and work

Many endocrine diseases linked directly to the nature of the work, high-pressure working environment at job, mental health concerns such as stress and depression are increasingly contributing to PCOS.


Genetics too play a role in PCOS, women who have this condition running in their family are more likely to get PCOS.

Hormonal imbalance

Androgen is a male sex hormone that is also being produced by females and its overproduction can be a contributing factor in PCOS. In PCOS, women often produce higher androgen than normal androgens. This can affect the development and release of eggs during ovulation.

Self Care Tips

  • Decrease body fat in case of obesity.
  • Avoid any physical and mental work that aggravates stress level.
  • Regularly practice yoga and meditation to stay upbeat.
  • Eat healthy foods like fresh and leafy vegetables and seasonal fruits.
  • Say no to any junk, stale, sour and fast food items.
  • Minimize the use of sugar and its products.
  • Food items that increase the weight must strictly be avoided.
  • Fruits such as apples, oranges, grapes, pineapple and papaya should be consumed more in quantity as they keep the body light and toned.

The condition of PCOS is primarily concerned with Rajj and Stree-beej formation and to the some extent Medo-dhatu. So, much attention should be given to these while treating the conditions. The treatment modalities aim at providing comprehensive care by correcting the Ama and achieving Koshta Shuddhi and regularizing the doshas. PCOS should be taken care in the beginning itself but in most of the occasions, it is diagnosed at a later period or it is neglected as a minor health issue or simply menstrual irregularity. Early detection and immediate attention help in its management as well as to avoid the complications like infertility.