Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred as diabetes, is a set of metabolic disorders that lead to a high level of blood glucose for an extended interval of time. It occurs due to either inadequate production of insulin or the inability of the cells to absorb the insulin. It comes under the category of chronic diseases as it takes a lot of time and patience for the management of diabetes. The management of blood sugar, insulin injections for Type-1 patients and blood sugar lowering agents for Type-2 patients are the main ways to manage diabetes in patients. A healthy, well-planned diet and life style with controlled blood sugar levels is the prime target in managing patients with diabetes. The diabetes can cause many complications like ketoacidosis, heart diseases, stroke, chronic kidney failure and foot ulcers.
- Type 1 DM also known as IDDM (Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) results from the inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin.
- Type 2 DM previously known as NIDDM (Non Insulin Dependent DM) manifests itself as insulin resistance. Mainly caused by excessive weight and lack of exercise.
- The third form of Diabetes is called as ‘gestational diabetes’ and found in pregnancy where pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop the high levels of blood sugars.
Ayurvedic Description Of Diabetes:
In Ayurveda, Diabetes is classified under ‘Prameh Roga’. Prameh originates when Kapha dosha is dominantly aggravated (in association with other doshas) and they affect Meda (fat), Mansa (flesh), Udaka (lymphatic channel/endocrinal secretions) etc. Due to the abnormal digestion, the afflicted dhatus (tissues and their derivatives) are driven towards urinary system and the disease Prameh is resulted. Based on the involvement of doshas, their degree of affliction and gradation of the illness, various signs and symptoms are resulted. According to the features, different names are given. The excretion of large amount of vitiated urine (turbid or unctuous) with deranged color is the main feature of this illness.