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Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by the decreased bone density, resulting in bones that are more porous and more easily fractured than normal bones. The fractures of wrist, spine, and hip are quite common; still, all of the bones can get affected. The condition primarily affects women, who account for nearly 80 percent of all the cases. The most common form of the disease is primary osteoporosis, includes post-menopausal or estrogen-deficient, osteoporosis (Type I), which is observed in women whose ovaries have ceased to produce the hormone estrogen. Age-related osteoporosis (Type II), affects those over the age of 70 and the third is idiopathic osteoporosis; a rare disorder of unknown cause that affects premenopausal women and men who are middle-aged or younger. The secondary osteoporosis may be caused by bone disuse as a result of paralysis, weightlessness in space, endocrine and nutritional disorders, including anorexia nervosa, specific disease processes, and certain drug therapies.

Ayurvedic Description Of Osteoporosis :

According to Ayurveda, osteoporosis is a Vata disorder, which is caused due to Kshaya or depletion of Asthi dhatu or bone tissues in the body. Since it is a Vata disorder, cause of depletion could either be nutritional deficiency or the toxins build up in the Asthivaha strotas or bone formation channels. 

Signs & Symptoms

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  • No specific symptoms but the bones become weak, brittle, and with limited mobility.

Causes and Risk Factors

Sex

Postmenopausal women are at the more risk than the men of same age.

Age

With increasing age, the bone density decreases and bones become more porous and fragile.

Race

While osteoporosis occurs in people from all ethnic groups, European or Asian people predisposes for osteoporosis.

Heredity

If the condition runs in the family, the chances to get it in later years increases, the heritability of the fracture as well as low bone mineral density, is relatively high, ranging from 25 to 80%.

Vitamin D deficiency

Low level of Vitamin D is quite common in elderly population. This vitamin D insufficiency makes bones more fragile and prone to breakage.

Smoking

Smoking tobacco has been found to be associated with decreased bone strength as tobacco smoking inhibits the activity of bone cells.

Malnutrition

Low dietary calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, zinc, boron, iron, fluoride, copper, vitamins A, K, E, C and D. Living in the environment where sun exposure is minimal are some of the risk factors that are harmful for bone health.

Sedentary lifestyle

Sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activities can lead to the significant bone loss.

Aerated drinks

Researches have indicated that the carbonated soft drinks increase the risk of osteoporosis and this is more observed in women.

Self Care Tips

  • Give up the sedentary lifestyle; body-strengthening exercises improve bone strength in the patients of osteoporosis.
  • Walk carefully as falling can make the condition of osteoporosis more complicated.
  • Do expose yourself to early morning sunrays for natural synthesis of Vitamin D in the body.
  • Eat healthy meals that are composed of mineral and vitamins.
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking as both aggravates the condition.
  • Since it is a Vata disease and Vata is cold and dry, so, one must keep the body warm and covered and not to expose it to cold environment.
  • Foods that keep the Vata disorder in balance should be taken in abundant quantity.
  • Chew overnight water soaked sesame seeds in summers and dry seeds in winter for naturally maintaining the calcium level in the body.
  • Compliment the diet schedule with milk twice a day as it provides the much-needed calcium to the body; make sure that you are not intolerant of lactose sugar.

Ayurveda treats osteoporosis as a disease of Vata, So, to plan its treatment, the focus stays on Vata balancing in the body with an Ayurvedic diet along with the herbal mineral medicines.

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