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The inflammation of tonsils is called as tonsillitis. It leads to sore throat, trouble in swallowing, tender lymph nodes etc. It can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Tonsillitis most commonly affects children between preschool ages and the mid-teenage years. A scratchy voice, bad breathe, along with drooling, refusal to eat, and unusual fussiness are particularly seen in younger children etc. The most common bacterium causing tonsillitis is Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus), the bacterium that causes strep throat. Other strains of strep and other bacteria also may cause tonsillitis. The tonsils are the immune system's first line of defense against bacteria and viruses that enter buccal cavity. This function may make the tonsils particularly vulnerable to infection and inflammation. However, the tonsil's immune system function declines after puberty ― a factor that may account for the rare cases of tonsillitis in adults.

Ayurvedic Description Of Tonsillitis:

In Ayurveda, the condition is referred as Tundikeri or Galaayu, which is mainly caused by accumulation of toxins in the body due to improper digestion and poor defense mechanism by the immune system to counter the infection. All the three doshas, Vata, Pitta and Kapha get aggravated in the condition. Too much consumption of cold foods, exposure to cold environment, excessive talking and loud speeches, oily and fried cause Tridoshaj imbalance in throat that leads to tonsillitis.

 

Signs & Symptoms

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  • Sore throat
  • Dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing)
  • Tenderness of lymph nodes
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Burning sensation
  • Loss of appetite and bad breath

Causes and Risk Factors

Infection

The most common cause of tonsillitis is infection from bacteria and virus. The bacterial tonsillitis is the most common in children in the age group of 5 to15, while viral tonsillitis is more common in younger children.

Alcohol

Excessive alcohol intake with iced water can cause the throat to bear its burnt. This also leads the body immunity to deteriorate and the first organ to get affected is throat.

Diet

Consuming cold food items like ice creams, iced water also cause tonsillitis. This is quietly seen in the teenagers who are seen to drink cold drinks more often than elders.

Smoking

In tonsillitis, the tobacco smoking further chokes the throat apart from making the immune system weak.

Immunity

Low immunity leads to poor response to counter any infection particularly of throat.

Self Care Tips

  • Adequate rest is advised so that the condition does not get deteriorated further.
  • Drink plenty of fluid especially warm water to sooth the throat.
  • Eat comforting and light food items.
  • Gargles with hot water mixed with salt and tea brings wonderful and immediate results.
  • To sooth the throat, one can try Ayurvedic herbal lozenges.
  • Avoid throat irritants like smoke, dust and pollutants.
  • Use herbs like black pepper, ginger, turmeric and basil in the food.
  • Avoid foods that further aggravate Kapha, this includes dairy products like milk and curd.
  • Eating cold food items, cold water, aerated drinks and oily foods are prohibited.
  • Daytime sleeping is also prohibited as per Ayurveda since it aggravates Kapha further.

The Ayurvedic treatment aims at treating the infection along with building up the immunity aiming to eliminate the risk for long term. The Ayurvedic herbs along with advise on diet and lifestyle help in eliminating the inflammation and infection.

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