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Backache, lower back pain or lumbago is the common disorder involving the muscles, nerves and bones of the back. On the basis of duration of pain, it is classified as acute, sub-chronic and chronic. Acute pain lasts less than 6 weeks, sub-chronic 6 to 12 weeks and chronic if persists more than 12 weeks. Mostly, the back pain is believed to be due to the mechanical problems such as muscles or joint strain.


Ayurvedic Description Of Backache:

Ayurveda considers all spinal pain and disorders happen due to the imbalance of Samana Vayu. Located at the navel, Samana Vayu governs Agni; the Agni refers to the digestive fire, or the fire of purification in Ayurveda. This fire burns adequately when Prana and Apana Vayu unite in Samana Vayu. Any disturbance in this Agni causes the imbalance of Samana Vayu and hence the pain and disorders related to spine seen in patients.


Signs & Symptoms


  • Muscular back pain
  • Shooting or stabbing pain
  • Pain that radiates down the legs
  • Limited flexibility or range of motions of the back

Causes and Risk Factors

Muscle/Ligament strain

Repeated heavy lifting or a sudden awkward movement may strain back muscles and spinal ligaments, constant strain on the back may cause painful muscle spasms.

Bulging/Ruptured disks

Disks act as cushions between the bones (vertebrae) in spine. The soft material inside a disk can bulge or rupture and press on a nerve. However, one can have a bulging or ruptured disk without back pain.


Osteoarthritis can also affect the lower back. In some cases, arthritis in the spine can lead to a narrowing of the space around the spinal cord, thereby, causing a condition called spinal stenosis.

Skeletal irregularities

Scoliosis is a condition in which the spine curves to the side may also lead to back pain, but only if the scoliosis is severe.


The risk of back pain increases with age.

Sedentary lifestyle

Lack of workout, sitting or standing in a one posture for long duration can lead to back pain.

Weight lifting

Carrying too much weight puts extra stress on the back and causes back pain.

Psychological conditions

People prone to depression and anxiety complain more of back pain.

Self Care Tips

  • Gentle massage provides some relief by stretching tight muscles and ligaments.
  • To decrease inflammation, icing and heating can be done alternatively and should be done under the guidance of expert.
  • Do not self medicate with anti inflammatory pain killing drugs, always consult a doctor before starting the back pain treatment.
  • Do not restrict the body movements forcefully.
  • Try to avoid bending, lifting as these movements put extra stress on the back.
  • While sitting, place a small pillow, a rolled-up towel, or a lumbar roll in the curve of back for extra support, doing this daily before going to bed is very helpful in relaxing back muscles.
  • Avoid wearing shoes with high heels.

Since lower back pain is acute to chronic. So, it takes time as per the condition of the patients to get rid of pain properly. Ayurvedic medicines are very beneficial and effective and they don't have adverse effects unlike the painkillers, which are prone to damage liver and cause acidity as a result of prolonged use.