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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) or Benign Enlargement of Prostate (BEP) is a non-cancerous increase in size of the prostate gland. Globally, BPH affects 6% of the male population and is the most common cause of lower urinary tract infections. Role of androgens (male sex hormones) is suspected in the development of BPH while according to other researches, it is an age-related disease and is developed due to fibrosis and weakening of the muscular tissue in the prostate.


Ayurvedic Description Of BPH:

Ayurveda believes that the enlargement of prostate is caused by vitiated Apana Vayu due to the suppression of urges to urinate and defecate, overindulgence in sexual activity, consuming dry and cold food, old age, general weakness and indigestion.


Signs & Symptoms


  • Incontinence
  • Dysuria
  • Hematuria
  • Frequent urination at night

Causes and Risk Factors


Prostate gland enlargement rarely seen in men younger than age 40. About one-third of men experience moderate to severe symptoms by the age of 60, and about half do so by age 80.

Family History

Having a patient of BPH in close blood relation like a father or brother increases the risk of an individual of getting BPH in the later years of life.


Prostate enlargement is less common in Asian men than as compared to European and African men.

Diabetes and Heart Disease

Diabetes, heart disease and use of beta-blockers, might increase the risk of BPH.


Obesity and sedentary lifestyle increases the risk of BPH, while exercise can lower the risk.

Self Care Tips

  • A sitz bath is a soothing and effective remedy for enlarged prostate. The hot bath helps in relaxing the pelvic muscles, reduces swelling and promote healing. On the other hand, the cold bath eases the pain.
  • Kegel or pelvic-strengthening exercises can help easing some of the discomforts of enlarged prostate as they help tightening and clenching specific pelvic muscles to help in controlling urination.
  • Squeeze the muscles of anus, and then relax pelvic floor muscles, repeat this10 to 20 times over a few times a day.
  • Regularly perform kegel exercises throughout the day. These can be done after waking up in the morning, at lunchtime, in the evening and before going to bed. Target the pelvic muscles only and avoid tightening the muscles of stomach, buttocks or thighs. If you are having difficulty locating the pelvic muscles, get help from an expert.
  • Raw, unfiltered apple cider vinegar has astringent properties that helps shrinking swollen prostate glands. It also aids weight loss and helps prevent complications of enlarged prostate like UTIs.
  • Mix 1 to 2 tablespoons of raw unfiltered apple cider vinegar and 1 tablespoon of honey in a glass of warm water. Drink it twice daily.

Ayurvedic therapies have a long history of use to support optimal prostate health and the treatment has the strong evidences of treating patients with BPH.