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Common cold/flu is an infectious viral disease that affects the upper respiratory tract, which primarily includes nose and throat. The patients usually get cured on their own in about a week. It mainly spreads by means of droplet infection and the best possible prevention is to wear facemasks especially traveling in crowded places or in the unclean areas. The medicines for common cold are prescribed as asymptomatic line of treatment.


Ayurvedic Description Of Common Cold/Flu:

The common cold is called Pratishyaya in Ayurveda. All the three doshas are responsible for the occurrence of common cold. The common cold with dominance of Vata dosha have dry coughs, little mucus discharge, hoarse voice, and runny nose. The patients with the dominance of Pitta dosha in common cold have fever, sore throat, yellowish nasal discharge and continuous blockage of the nose. The patients with vitiated Kapha dosha in common cold have thick mucus discharges with dull headaches and heaviness of the head. The people who have Pitta-Kaphaj nature are more susceptible to common cold and flu.


Signs & Symptoms


  • Coughing
  • Sneezing
  • Sore throat
  • Nasal Congestion
  • Running nose
  • Headache

Causes and Risk Factors


Children younger than six years are at a greater risk of cold, especially if they spend time in child-care settings.


The infection is caused by the virus of influenza.

Weak immune system

A week immune system or suffering from a chronic illness increases the susceptibility to get common cold more frequently.


Both children and adults are more susceptible to colds in fall and winter, but one can still get cold any time of the year.


People with the habit of smoking are more prone to get common cold than who do not.


The polluted environment also leads to the common cold and has the capacity to make simple common cold into a severe one.

Self Care Tips

  • Stay at home and take rest, especially if the common cold is accompanied with fever.
  • Strictly avoid smoking as it makes cold symptoms worse; also avoid taking alcohol.
  • Drink warm water sip by sip as it relieves the pain from sore throat.
  • Gargle with warm salt-water after making a decoction with basil and tea, it should be done 3-4 times a day to get relief.
  • Use saline (salt water) nasal drops to help loosen mucus and moisten the tender skin of the nose.
  • Keep washing hands, cover mouth and nose while sneezing/cough in order to not to spread the virus around.
  • Take 3 whole clove buds and pop them in mouth during a coughing spasm.  Suck on them until they begin to fall apart and no longer have any flavor. Repeat as much as needed.

Ayurvedic medicines are really effective in common cold and they do not cause any sedation like anti allergic medicines. The treatment also does not have any adverse effect on body.