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Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous (benign) growths that develop in the muscular wall of the uterus. The size of the uterine fibroids can vary and ranges from very small to larger than a cauliflower. Sometimes, the fibroids can cause the uterus to grow to the size of a five-month pregnancy. In most cases, there is more than one fibroid in the uterus. While fibroids do not always cause symptoms, their size and location can lead to the problems.

Ayurvedic Description Of Uterine Fibroid:

Uterine fibroid in Ayurveda is known as Garbhashya granthi or arbuda. When tridosha, vitiate Rakta (blood), Mansa (uterine muscles) and Meda (adipose tissue) and get mixed with Kapha and cause the imbalance of tridosha, they produce rounded protuberant, glandular and hard swelling structures called as Granthi. Whereas the vitiated Vata causes pain and dark menstrual flow, vitiated Pitta leads to heavy blood loss.


Signs & Symptoms


  • Asymptomatic when the size is very small
  • Uterine bleeding
  • Heavy and painful periods
  • Bloating, abdominal discomfort
  • Back pain
  • Urinary retention
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Premature labor
  • Increased chances of miscarriage in pregnancy

Causes and Risk Factors


The risk of disease affecting a woman increases three times if the mother had fibroids. A few specific genes or cytogenetic deviations are associated with fibroids.


Progesterone and estrogen are the two hormones that stimulate the development of uterine lining in menstrual cycle, so that it can be prepared for pregnancy. The uterine fibroids have more receptors for estrogen and progesterone than normal uterine muscles, so the uterine fibroids tend to shrink post menopause as the hormones production of estrogen and progesterone ceases.


With increasing age, the risk becomes more as it is common in women who are in their years of early 30s to till 50s.


African and American women are more likely to have uterine fibroids and than women of other races. Also, these women tend to develop the fibroids at a younger age.


Obesity, HTN early puberty, use of contraceptives, lower consumption of vegetables, diet rich in red meat may possibly be associated with increased fibroid risk.

Self Care Tips

  • Foods that promote excessive estrogen production need to be avoided, this include non-organic foods, dairy products, sugar, cruciferous vegetables contain indole-3-carbinole, which helps your liver to effectively metabolize excessive hormones.
  • Alcohol, caffeine, refined carbohydrates and soy products should be avoided.
  • Sun salutation (Surya Namaskar) in the early morning is very helpful.
  • Keep body weight under control in case of obesity.
  • A healthy lifestyle is advocated to avoid risk; this includes the right diet habits coupled with right exercise in daily routine.
  • Do not ignore any unusual bleeding from the vagina; consult your doctor immediately once the problem is noticed.

In the modern gynecological practice, uterine fibroids do not have any conservative treatment other than surgery. However, this can be managed well with Ayurvedic treatment. Since, the treatment continues for a longer period of time, the patients need to require some patience to witness the results.